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    SONET SDH Training Course

    This course provides advanced SONET/SDH and DWDM topics.This course is designed to provide a detailed knowledge on SONET/SDH for or technical managers, consultants, communications professionals, software engineers, system engineers, network professionals, and IT professionals

    • ✔ Course Duration : 2 Days
    • ✔ Training Options : Live Online / Self-Paced / Classroom
    • ✔ Certification Pass : Guaranteed


    Professionals Trained


    Countries And Counting


    Corporates Served

    20+ hrs




    This course provides advanced SONET/SDH and DWDM topics.This course is designed to provide a detailed knowledge on SONET/SDH for or technical managers, consultants, communications professionals, software engineers, system engineers, network professionals, and IT professionals

    What you will Learn

    • Understand Digital Voice and Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy (PDH)
    • Understand Transmission Hierarchies
    • Understand Digital Network Synchronization
    • Explore Benefits and Features of SONET/SDH
    • Compare and Contrast STS-1 SPE and AU-3
    • Understand Automatic Protection Switching (APS)
    • Understand Add/Drop Multiplexers (ADMs)
    • Understand Digital Cross-Connects (DCCs)
    • Explore the evolution of Timing and Synchronization
    • Understand SDH and Tributary Multiplexing



      Learning Objectives:

      • Digital Network Synchronization
      • Network Timing and Synchronization Concepts
      • PDH Relationships and Network Elements
      • Frequency Justification
      • Limitations of PDH

      Learning Objectives:

      • Benefits and Features of SONET/SDH
      • Evolution from PDH to SONET/SDH Plesiochronous Networks
      • Building-Block Signals
      • Unifying SONET and SDH
      • Frame Structures
      • Overhead Functions
      • SONET/SDH Rates and Architectures
      • Details of Pointer Processing
      • Pointer Adjustment, Positive and Negative Justification
      • Pointer Errors

      Learning Objectives:

      • Compare and Contrast STS-1 SPE and AU-3
      • Compare and Contrast STS-3c SPE and AU-4
      • DS-3 Mapping into STS-1 SPE and VC-3
      • E-4 Mapping into STS-3c SPE and VC-4 TUG-3 and TU-3
      • Virtual Tributary / Tributary Unit Group
      • Pointers and Payload Mappings
      • Tandem Connections
      • ATM Cell Mapping
      • Packet over SONET Mapping
      • 10G Ethernet over SONET
      • Limitations of Octet HDLC in High Bit Error Ratio (BER) Environments
      • Simplified Data Link (SDL) Protocol

      Learning Objectives:

      • Terminal Multiplexers (TMs)
      • Functional Block Diagram of TMs
      • Automatic Protection Switching (APS)
      • APS Details:
      • Linear APS, 1+1, 1:n, 1:1, Bidirectional, and Unidirectional
      • Revertive and Non-Revertive
      • Meaning and Operation of K1 and K2 Bytes
      • Add/Drop Multiplexers (ADMs)
      • Functional Block Diagram of ADMs
      • Types of Rings, Ring and Span APS
      • UPSR and BLSR, MS-USHR, Virtual Rings, SNCP, MS-SP Ring, and MS-DP Ring
      • Limitations of TDM Rings and Methods to Resolve Them
      • Digital Cross-Connects (DCCs)
      • The Role DCCs in Rings, Meshes, and Virtual Rings
      • Next Generation Digital Loop Carrier (NGDLC)
      • Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexers (DSLAMs)
      • SONET/SDH Interfaces on Switches and Routers

      Learning Objectives:

      • Evolution of Timing and Synchronization
      • Virtual Container
      • Regenerator Section Overhead
      • Multiplex Section Overhead
      • Higher-Order Path Overhead (VC-4/VC-3)
      • Lower-Order Path Overhead (VC-2/VC-1)
      • Anomalies, Defects, Failures, and Alarms
      • Error Performance Monitoring
      • Pointers
      • Payload Pointers
      • Positive Pointer Justification
      • Negative Pointer Justification

      Learning Objectives:

      • SDH Tributary Multiplexing
      • Tributary Unit Group TU Multiframe
      • TU Payload Pointer Automatic Protection Switching
      • Multiplex Section Protection, K1/K2 Bytes
      • 1+1 Protection 1:N Protection
      • SONET/SDH Telecommunications Standard Primer
      • SONET/SDH Multiplexing
      • SONET/SDH Signal Hierarchy
      • Network Generic Applications
      • Network Generic Applications: Equipment and Uses
      • Cross-Connect Types
      • Trends in Deployment
      • Network Design
      • SDH Timing Compensation
      • SDH Network Management
      • SDH Performance Monitoring
      • SDH Synchronization


      You can enroll for this classroom training online. Payments can be made using any of the following options and receipt of the same will be issued to the candidate automatically via email.
      1. Online ,By deposit the mildain bank account
      2. Pay by cash team training center location

      Highly qualified and certified instructors with 20+ years of experience deliver more than 200+ classroom training.

      Contact us using the form on the right of any page on the mildaintrainings website, or select the Live Chat link. Our customer service representatives will be able to give you more details.

      You will never miss a lecture at Mildaintrainigs! You can choose either of the two options: View the recorded session of the class available in your LMS. You can attend the missed session, in any other live batch.

      We have a limited number of participants in a live session to maintain the Quality Standards. So, unfortunately, participation in a live class without enrollment is not possible. However, you can go through the sample class recording and it would give you a clear insight about how are the classes conducted, quality of instructors and the level of interaction in a class.

      Yes, the access to the course material will be available for lifetime once you have enrolled into the course.

      Just give us a CALL at +91 8447121833 OR email at info@mildaintrainings.com


      Training features

    • Instructor-led Sessions
      Online Live Instructor-Led Classes.
      Classroom Classes at our/your premises.
      Corporate Training
    • Real-life Case Studies
      Live project based on any of the selected use cases, involving implementation of the various Course concepts.
    • Assignments
      Each class will be followed by practical assignments.
    • Lifetime Access
      You get lifetime access to presentations, quizzes, installation guide & class recordings.
    • 24 x 7 Expert Support
      We have 24x7 online support team to resolve all your technical queries, through ticket based tracking system, for the lifetime.
    • Certification
      Sucessfully complete your final course project and Mildaintrainings will give you Course completion certificate.
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