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Amazon Web Services is the world’s most trending and best-suited cloud platform, offering more than 175 fully-featured services. From the fastest-growing startups to the largest enterprises, leading government agencies, and there are millions of customers using the AWS platform to handle their data perfectly and grow their business without any hassle.

If you are not aware of what is AWS? How it helps businesses? Then this blog is for you. We have designed this blog for beginners to give an introduction to Amazon Web Services.

What is AWS?
Amazon Web Services (AWS) is a cloud computing platform provided by Amazon. AWS services can offer an organization tools such as database storage, compute power, content delivery and other user-friendly functionality services. to help businesses grow and perform better.

AWS is segregated into 25 global regions having multiple availability zones along with its server. These divided regions allow users to choose geographical limits for their services. AWS holds 31% of the global cloud market share and has a considerable server capacity. It offers flexible pricing, which means a user has to pay money for the hours he/she rented it.

A Brief History of AWS
AWS was launched in 2002. The company wanted to sell its unused infrastructure as a service, or as an offering to customers.

The idea was met with enthusiasm. Amazon launched its first AWS product in 2006. Four years later, in 2012, Amazon hosted a huge event focused on collecting customer input about

AWS. The company still holds similar events, such as Reinvent, which allows customers to share feedback about AWS.

In 2015, Amazon announced that its AWS revenue had reached $7.8 billion. Between then and 2016, AWS launched measures that helped customers migrate their services to AWS.

Those measures, along with the public’s growing appreciation of AWS’s features, induced further economic growth. Amazon’s revenue increased to $12.2 billion in 2016.

Today, AWS offers customers 160 products and services. That number will likely increase, given the rate at which Amazon builds upon and tweaks AWS.

Let us now improve our understanding on what AWS is by looking into the services of the amazon web services (AWS).

What are the Services Provided by AWS?
AWS has more than 175 services to offer its clients which is much more than the services provided by other cloud service providers. In this article, we would be covering some of the critical AWS services that are categorized under the following domains.

Compute
Services under the computing domain in AWS are all about high-end servers that are used to host a website, process backend data, etc.

Let us have a look at some of the essential services under compute domain:

1. EC2
AWS EC2 (Elastic Compute Cloud) offers you server with desired OS, RAM and processor where you have full control on OS to perform any operation.

2. Lambda
Under lambda service, the user does not have full access to the OS and cannot host a website. It is used only for backend processing where it can receive the request, process it and send back the result.

3. Elastic Beanstalk
In Elastic Beanstalk, the user gets a dashboard to upload websites. It is a Platform as a service, so the user does not have full access to the OS.

4. Elastic Load Balancer
AWS load balancer balances the load among servers that are deployed at a particular instance. There are three types of load balancers –

Classic load balancer: balances traffic among servers

Application load balancer: balances traffic based on URL of applications

Network load balancer: Balances traffic based on web protocol (HTTP, FTP etc.)

5. Autoscaling
Autoscaling helps to increase or decrease the number of servers needed based on requirements for operation such as CPU usage, memory usage, network throughput etc.

Storage
AWS offers storage plenty of choices to users for backing up information, archiving, and disaster recovery. Let us have a look at the list of the main services available under the storage domain on the AWS Cloud.

1. S3
Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3) stores files in the form of objects with a maximum size of 5 TB each.

2. Glacier
AWS Glacier provides low-cost, flexible, durable, secure storage for data backup and archival where customers can store data as little as $0.004 per GB per month.

3. Cloudfront
Amazon CloudFront speeds up the distribution of static and dynamic web content and delivers it through data centres called edge locations with the lowest latency.

4. Elastic File System
AWS EFS (Elastic File System) is used to mount shared drives among multiple servers in the real-time.

5. Storage Gateway
AWS Storage Gateway helps users to access or store data on AWS with the lowest latency possible.

Database
In this domain, AWS provides services that can help you monitor and manage your databases in the AWS infrastructure for better productivity. Services under Database are-

1. RDS
Amazon RDS (relational database service) is a service that manages your relational databases and keeps your information updated.

2. DynamoDB
DynamoDB supports key-value and document data along with point-in-time recovery and on-demand backup.

3. ElasticCache
AWS ElastiCache improves the performance of the application by caching the frequent required or queried data.

4. RedShift
Amazon Redshift is a data warehouse service that offers mission-critical analysis for the companies.

Migration
This domain deals with the transferring of data to and from the AWS infrastructure. There is a service called snowball used when you need to transfer your considerable data to the AWS infrastructure physically. For this, you will receive a physical device send by AWS to your location, and you have to upload your data on it and send it back to the AWS office.

Networking and content delivery
AWS offers the highest network availability amongst all cloud service providers to increase throughput with on-time content delivery and reduced network latency.

1. VPC
AWS VPC (Virtual private Cloud) allows users to launch their AWS resources into a virtual network.

2. Direct Connect
AWS direct connect makes it easier to establish a network connection from the user’s premises to AWS that reduces network costs and increase bandwidth throughput.

3. Route 53
Amazon Route 53 is a scalable cloud DNS web service designed to offer a reliable way to route users to internet applications.

Management Tools
Using these tools, you can manage all of your AWS resources on AWS infrastructure. There are some of the services given below that users can use to control and secure their data from getting into unauthorized hands.

1. CloudWatch
AWS CloudWatch is a monitoring service that helps in monitoring the AWS account and resources in it.

2. CloudFormation
AWS CloudFormation allows us to create a bunch of AWS resources through a single click. Using this tool, we can create a large architecture with a few clicks.

3. CloudTrail
AWS CloudTrail provides event history on each and every AWS account-related activities along with auditing, compliance monitoring and governance,

4. OpsWorks
AWS OpsWorks helps in managing and configuring servers on AWS using Chef and Puppet.

Security and Identity Compliance
This domain deals with user rights and authenticity. Services under this domain will help you manage what access should be given to which person in your organization or team. With the below-given services, a user can give needed access to the employees and secure his/her data.

1. IAM

AWS IAM (Identity and Access Management) allows users to access the resources in the AWS ecosystem.

2. KMS

AWS KMS (Key Management System) helps users to create and manage security keys to keep their data safe and secure.

What are the Applications of AWS Services?

  1. Website hosting
  2. Search Engines
  3. Social Networking
  4. Academic Computing
  5. Media Sharing (Image/ Video)
  6. Mobile and Social Applications
  7. Application hosting/SaaS hosting
  8. Development and test environments
  9. Content delivery and Media Distribution
  10. Storage, backup, and disaster recovery

What are the Major Benefits of Using AWS Services?
It offers cost-effective services where you have to pay only for what you use. There is no long term or any upfront commitments.

  • Users do not have to worry about the maintenance or running of data centres.
  • Offers faster deployments.
  • Offers high scalability, users can extend or reduce the capacity as per requirement.
  • Users can deploy their application in several regions across the world within just a few clicks.
  • It allows organizations/companies to use already known operating systems, databases, programming models, and architectures.

Conclusion
AWS is the number-one choice in cloud computing services for businesses across the globe. It has a presence in over 190 countries and more than 100,000 active customers. These impressive numbers evidence the platform’s continual growth, with more and more businesses adopting AWS. This adoption means that people who know how to develop AWS architecture and applications have great employment opportunities.

MildaintrainingsAWS Architect Certification Training offers the definitive training in the AWS platform that includes the AWS Cloud, IAM, Lambda, Redshift, EC2, S3, Cloudtrail. You will work on the various essentials of AWS cloud platform, creating SaaS applications that are scalable, have high availability and are fault-tolerant. Enroll & Get Certified now!

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